Weidenfeld Scholarship Programme

The Weidenfeld Scholarship Programme and Novel Rights are pleased to invite you to the Weidenfeld debate on The Power of Literature and Human Rights                  Weidenfeld Scholarship Programme       Tuesday, March 6th 6.00-7.30PM, Reception to follow Queen Elizabeth House 3 Mansfield Road, Oxford Literature, specifically fiction, has a unique capacity to touch the hearts and minds of people and engage them in a way that is distinctly different from political or academic texts.

It has the potential to lead to personal or social change. Thus, literature may offer an important tool to educate people about and promote human rights. Join our panelists, the distinguished authors Lisa Appignanesi, Roma Tearne & Marina Nemat as they discuss the role of literature in the face of human rights violations. Facilitated by Susan Hitch, the discussion will explore the role of the authors in human rights work.

Should literature be politically and socially engaged? Should authors take political or social stands? What consequences does it carry for their art? Can NGOs benefit by using literature in their human rights work? Should publishers have a moral obligation regarding the work they choose to publish? This event is open and free to the Oxford community and the general public. We especially welcome authors, scholars of literature, publishers and activists. We hope to foster a discussion that will cross boundaries, stimulate research and facilitate collaboration and action.

 

We look forward to seeing you Vered Cohen-Brazilay, Novel Rights Yael Litmanovitz on behalf of the Weidenfeld Scholars *Ilustaration: tamarlevi.com Print version: The Weidenfeld Scholarship Programme and Novel Rights are pleased to invite you to debate on: “The Power of Literature and Human Rights” University of Oxford

Amnesty International UK

  View a short video clip from Amnesty International UK screening  event created by:  Vasileios Katsardis  

                                                                        

Amnesty International UK       

Novel Rights, Amnesty International UK and Just Vision

invite you to a special screening and discussion of:

Amnesty International UK

Tuesday 3 July 2012 | 6:30pm – 9:00pm (Doors open at 6:00pm)

Amnesty International UK, The Human Rights Action Centre, 17-25 New Inn Yard, London EC2A 3EA

Screening to be followed by a Q&A discussion.

  • The award-winning director Julia Bacha, Just Vision
  • in conversation with Vered Cohen Barzilay, Novel Rights

A reception will follow.

From the creators of BudrusMy Neighbourhood chronicles the story of Palestinian teenager Mohammed El Kurd as half of his home in East Jerusalem is taken over by Israeli settlers. When Israeli activists arrive to join local residents in protests against the eviction, Mohammed comes of age in the face of unrelenting tension with his neighbours and unexpected cooperation with Israeli allies in his backyard.Through Mohammed’s personal story, My Neighbourhood goes beyond the sensational headlines that normally dominate discussions of Jerusalem and captures voices rarely heard, of those striving for a just and equitable future in the city.

My Neighbourhood recently had its world premiere at the Tribeca Film Festival in New York, and will be premiering in Europe at the upcoming Sheffield Doc/Fest in June.  It is the latest production by Just Vision, a team of Palestinian, Israeli, North and South American filmmakers, journalists and human rights advocates dedicated to telling the stories of Israelis and Palestinians pursuing  freedom, dignity, security and peace using nonviolent means.

CLICK to Leran more about Amnesty International UK 

CLICK to learm more about Just Vision 

LSE’s Literary Festival

Thank You! for joining us at “The Power of Literature and Human Rights” discussion at LSE’s Literary Festival.

We hope you enjoyed the inspiring debate with Authors: Marina Nemat, Gabriella Ambrosio and Novel Rights Founder Vered Cohen-Barzilay.

More than 5000 people already downloaded the recorded event! 

Download the Audio recording of the event:  LSE’s Literary Festival

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The Power of Literature and Human Rights

LSE Literary Festival Event, in partnership with Novel Rights

  • Date and time: Saturday 2 March 2013, 11am-12.30pm                                                  lse logo 2
  • Venue: Wolfson Theatre, New Academic Building, LSE
  • Speakers: Gabriella Ambrosio; Vered Cohen-Barzilay; Marina Nemat

Literature has a unique capacity to touch the hearts and minds and engage readers in a way that is distinctly different from political or academic texts. Can it play a role in exposing human rights violations? Should literature be ‘engaged’, and should authors take political or social stands?

Gabriella Ambrosio’s novel Prima di lasciarsi (Before We Say Goodbye) was inspired by the true story of a suicide bombing committed by a seventeen year-old Palestinian girl. It has been widely used by schools, colleges and human rights organisations as an educational tool.
Vered Cohen–Barzilay is the founder of Novel Rights, a social enterprise which recognises the power of art, especially literature, to drive change and motivate people to take action. Novel Rights are dedicated to encouraging the literary community to share in human rights literature, expand their understanding and knowledge on human rights topics and violations, inviting them to take action.

Marina Nemat is author of a memoir about growing up in Iran, serving time in Evin Prison for speaking out against the Iranian government, escaping a death sentence and finally fleeing for a new life in Canada. Marina Nemat was awarded the first Human Dignity Prize in December 2007 by the European Parliament and the Cultural Association Europa.

 

The power of literature and human rights

Thank You! for joining us at “The power of literature and human rights” event in Milan, Italy.

Screenshot 2013-12-04 20.34.24We also recommend you to enter the organization event page and discover more interesting video clips and information in Italian about Human Rights.

 

 

 

Invitation Bookcity Milano eng 2

Galway International Summer School 2015

Check Out this short video clip of NR Founder, Vered Cohen Barzilay, at Galway International Summer School on the Arts and Human Rights:

The first Galway International Summer School on the Arts and Human Rights will take place from 9–11 July 2015 in National University of Ireland, Galway.

The Summer School will consist of keynote addresses, plenary discussions, and themed discussions on three parallel tracks – literature and human rights; the visual arts and human rights; and music and human rights.

The opening speaker will be the United Nations Special Rapporteur for Cultural Rights, Farida Shaheed.

Novel Rights founder, Vered Cohen Barzilay will speak about Human Rights Literature.

Click For more details

ArtsandHumanRights_SummerSchool_Galway_2015-page-001

Milan, Italy, 2015.

Thank You! for joining us at “The power of literature and human rights” event in Milan, Italy, 2015.

Nadine Gordimer’s key note speech – Amnesty International Ambassador of Conscience Award, Nelson Mandela

In the canon of human conscience Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela is surely the most famously revered in the contemporary world. In the 20th Century he was one of the few who, in contrast with those who made it infamous for fascism, racism, dictatorship and war, marked the era as one that achieved some human advancement. That is the context in which his name will live in history, beyond the new millennium. Nelson Mandela belongs to the world.

We South Africans, who are fortunate enough to have him living with us in the present, feel he belongs to us and above all we belong to him, if on other and different levels of experience.

There are those who knew him in childhood at his home, the Transkei, and see, beneath the beautifully aged face formed by extraordinary experiences of Underground existence, long imprisonment, the soft contours of a lively youth soon to be aware of ominous demanding responsibilities calling within him beyond a personal appetite for life.

There are those – like George Bizos- who knew him as a fellow student with whom they shared food when he, as a black man, could not enter even a humble restaurant and as a young lawyer whose very presence in court was resented and challenged by white presiding magistrates. There are those who remember him practicising with great Oliver Tambo as the legal firm ‘Mandela & Tambo’ in an old building in Johannesburg.

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Gabriella Ambrosio, Author’s Note/ ‘Sticko’

Autorin: Gabriella Ambrosio Foto: Vieri Ciccarone Das Foto ist honorarfrei.‘Sticko’ is a short story distributed by the extremely innovative publisher, Novel Rights, which invites readers of fiction to take action.

This is a strange antinomy indeed. To access the world of imagination and come out of it ready to change the real world. What exactly happens to absorbed readers?

What do we expect that they will emerge from their journey through fiction filled with truth?  Or that the story will instil a new moral principle in them?

No, none of this happens. Ethics is not a static body of legal rules that we adhere to, and it is not established by god or men. Ethics is the view, the criterion, and the meaning of the world. As Italo Calvino, the famous 20th-century Italian writer, said: “An idea expressed poetically can never be meaningless. Meaning does not necessarily correspond to the truth. It identifies a crucial point, an issue, a warning.”

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The connection between literature and the refugee’s crises

תמונה10Vered Cohen Barzilay speech at Bookcity Milan 2015

 

Ladies and Gentleman, distinguished members of the panel, Mr. Ruggero Gabbai.

It is an honor for me to return to Bookcity Milano and stand here again in front of you.

2 Years ago, we conducted our first event in Italy – the “Power of Literature and Human Rights”. We discussed the war in Syria and expressed our hope for a rapid solution. We even allowed ourselves, and the audience, to dream about a new middle east offering our own personal ME background as an evidence for a regional peace that is not beyond the world’s ability.

Nevertheless, reality got different plans for our dreams. Syria’s civil war intensified and became to be the worst humanitarian disaster of our time. 220,000 people have been killed so far, half of them are believed to be civilians, and hundreds of them are children. The U.N. estimates that 7.6 million Syrians’ are internally displaced. When one is also considering refugees, more than half of the country pre-war population of 23 million is in need of urgent humanitarian assistance, whether they still remain in the country or have escaped across the borders.

For too long the world has been silent. World’s leaders hoped that Syria would resolve its internal crisis without interrupting world order. They even overlooked the deadly journey to safety in Europe that refugees had to endure on a daily basis.

However, the war in Syria continued as well as the Middle East instability, and so the number of refugees grew enormously until the world could not ignore them anymore.

It is easier to close our eyes to horror especially when we de-humanize people. When they do not have a name, an image, a story, people become just numbers and even if millions of them needs our help or protection, we are not able to understand or identity with their suffering.

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Human Rights literature as a long-term solution to terror

More than a year ago, I published a column anticipating the growth of terror in Europe; I named it ‘The Global Terror Virtual Country’ and suggested to create an anti-terror global country as a solution. I proposed Human Rights Literature to help us overcome the popularity of ISIS especially among young people in Europe and around the world. The events that have occurred since have proved that unfortunately terror in Europe is not a passing trend. To combat this appalling wave of terror striking Europe, the European countries must invest in long-term solutions. As Human Rights literature, and stray away from short-term solutions that may potentially cause inalterable devastation to western countries’ solid democracies.

In this essay, I will claim that Literature is one of the problems and the solutions for the popularity of terror, especially among young people. I will present and solve the reading habits paradox and will offer three examples to books that broke all reading predictions, sold millions of copies and changed the world for good and bad.

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“DON’T FRIGHTEN THE CHILDREN!”/ Roma Tearne

Roma Tearne

Roma Tearne

Not upsetting the children is part of the psychology of Western culture. In these days of ‘child-centric’ anxiety most parents will tell you they worry about how they bring their children. Philip Larkin and his overused line from This Be The Verse ‘They fuck you up your mum and dad’ is a constant worry for the 21st century parent. Getting it right is what we all strive for. Guilt, once the sole possession of children for being bad has transferred seamlessly to the other side of the school gate as we wait diligently for our child to come home. They are special, you see; these children in our care. A very great responsibility. Their happiness is ours. In fact, let’s face it, we have no happiness at all without our children being happy. I should know; I am a parent.

So how shocking was it then, to see the limp, sturdy legs of a lifeless toddler in the arms of a coast guard in Turkey? Found, dead, and in the water. That single defining image put ‘a girdle round the earth in forty seconds’ getting under the skin of each and every anxious parent, bringing to the fore a Grimm fairy tale of adult horror. Suddenly, when all those other reports failed to hit the spot, this lone image pressed an astonishing button. Never mind that thousands of children around the world in wars everywhere lay dying, maimed, bereft. Suddenly we were confronted with a limp pair of small legs and a pair of shoes not at all dissimilar to the ones we too once bought for our own toddlers. In that moment global empathy was born.

Writing creatively about injustice or conflicts is not an easy business. Become too sentimental or emotional and you lose your audience, turning them off before they reach the end of the story. Too polemic and you lose the plot, too biased and you will upset one side or the other. Beware of all these things. Even though I have written about these matters I am wary of the process. For to write from the heart does not mean placing your heart on your sleeve. Indeed the opposite is what applies. To write what you care about you have to hide your own feelings so effectively that you give your readers room to breath, to feel for themselves in their own private space, the suffering you speak of. Sometimes it is necessary to approach your story from an odd angle, showing rather than telling. Leaving out more than you put in. Ah but how difficult that is! Only a powerful story can work this kind of magic.

And only literature, of which Novel Rights is part of, gives one the chance of such magic.

***

Read the story Abstracts.


"DON'T FRIGHTEN THE CHILDREN!"/ Roma TearnePreview Image

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The lullaby of legendary Farzad Kamangar

Ava Homa

Ava Homa/ Author; Lullaby

“I will eventually get out of here. The butterfly that flew away in the night told me my fortune,” Farzad Kamangar wrote in prison, shortly before the Iranian government made the decision to place a noose around his neck.

It was on May 10, 2010—Mother’s Day—that Farzad’s mother heard through the media that her son, who had been told he would be released, was killed.

“He had such a tender soul. He loved his students to pieces. Spring was his favorite season. He was born in spring,” his mother says in a video posted on YouTube. But tears stop her from continuing—from telling us that he was executed in his favorite season.

This man who loved spring and his students was charged with moharebeh (enmity with God and the state) and terrorism. It is true. Teaching young children their banned mother tongue terrorizes the Iranian oppressor.

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I am a Yazidi

Saad Salloum

Saad Salloum

Saad Salloum

 

‘I am a Yazidi’, I said. That statement shocked my interlocutor since he knew that I came from an Arab Muslim family, despite him suspecting that perhaps I belonged originally to either a Mandai or a Christian background. I told him I don’t harbor any doubts about Yazidism as a doctrine, while at the same time I share with the Yazidis common love and trust. Now that the Yazidis are targeted by ISIS for religious reasons, considering them heretics and outside the Ibrahimi faith, I declare myself a Yazidi.

Yes, I am converting to Yazidism, announcing it, and willing to bear all the consequences of such an announcement.

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Un mondo virtuale anti-terrorismo grazie alla letteratura

 

Vered Cohen Barzilay  Associazione per i Diritti Umani

I recenti attacchi terroristici in Europa sono un altro segno della erosione della morale del mondo.

Oltre al male assoluto di togliere la vita a civili innocenti, abbiamo visto che nei recenti attentati di Parigi il terrore porta con sé il vento del fondamentalismo religioso: la disumanizzazione delle minoranze; il divieto di istruzione, in particolare per le donne; la considerazione della democrazia come qualcosa di dannoso; e la negazione dei diritti umani. Di solito, il vento del fondamentalismo viene prima e poi gli omicidi.

The Guardian ha recentemente riferito che, secondo un rapporto di Watchdog Freedom House, la democrazia nel mondo è a rischio, più di quanto non sia stato in qualsiasi momento negli ultimi 25 anni. Le persone in quasi ogni parte del mondo sono in pericolo per le gravi minacce alla loro libertà e che il livello di brutalità sotto i regimi autoritari è il più alto di tutti i tempi.

Il terrore non ha confini, geografici o morali, e non è esclusiva di nessuna religione, non dell’Islam o di qualsiasi altra religione al mondo. Il terrore arriva nei nostri quartieri, uffici, strade, anche nelle nostre case.
Internet, insieme con il processo di globalizzazione, ha unito i popoli del mondo e ha offuscato i confini geografici. Viviamo ancora in Paesi, ma creiamo diverse definizioni per i nostri confini e comunità. Viviamo in Europa, per esempio, ma facciamo parte di una comunità globale di terrore organizzato.
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The Anti-terror Virtual Country

Can literature prevent terrorism from spreading?

Vered Coehn Barzilay

Vered Cohen Barzilay

The recent terror attacks in Europe are another sign of the wearing away of the world’s morality.

Besides the absolute evil of taking innocent civilian lives—as we saw in the recent Paris attacks[1]—terror brings with it the wind of religious fundamentalism: dehumanizing the treatment of minorities; preventing education, particularly for women; damaging democracy; and preventing human rights. Usually, the wind of fundamentalism comes first, followed by murder.

The Guardian recently reported that, according to a landmark report by independent watchdog Freedom House, our democracy is at greater risk than it has been at any time in the past 25 years. People in nearly every part of the world are in danger of significant threats to their freedom, and the level of brutality under authoritarian regimes is at an all-time high.[2]

Terror has no borders—geographical or moral—and it is not exclusive to any religion, not Islam or any other religion in the world. Terror reaches into our neighborhoods, offices, streets, even our houses.

The Internet, together with the globalization process, has united the people of the world and blurred our geographical borders. We still live in countries, but we create different definitions for our borders and communities. We may live in Europe, for example, but still be part of a global community of organized terror.

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From the Republic of Conscience/ Seamus Heaney

In the memory of Seamus Heaney: A Human Rights poet and writer 

April 13, 1939 – August 30, 2013

from the Republic of Conscience

I

When I landed in the republic of conscience
it was so noiseless when the engines stopped
I could hear a curlew high above the runway.

At immigration, the clerk was an old man
who produced a wallet from his homespun coat
and showed me a photograph of my grandfather.

The woman in customs asked me to declare
the words of our traditional cures and charms
to heal dumbness and avert the evil eye.

No porters. No interpreter. No taxi.
You carried your own burden and very soon
your symptoms of creeping privilege disappeared.

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Ava Homa, Author’s Note/ “Lullaby”

ava homa

May 9, 2010 was going to be a happy day: I had time to write another cover letter for yet another job that was not my forte, not being an author, before I dressed up for a party, to be ready to be picked up by my fiancé…

It was Radio Farda that announced Farzad Kamangar  and four other Kurds were charged with “Animosity with God and terrorism” and hanged without warning

My tears had no reason to roll down since I did not know any of these people and they were neither the first, nor the last Kurds executed by the Iranian government. But tears don’t look for reasons and I surrendered to hours of non-stop sobs that smudged the words I’d been writing.

Resolving not to ruin my fiancé’s evening, I showered and put on a smile. But a “What’s wrong?” coming from a person that knew me so well was enough to smear my mascara and stain his new shirt. He was not the first person to warn me that my unusual empathies had turned into a curse. But what was I to do?

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The Power of Literature V The Power of Hatred

Vered Cohen Barzilay 

The beginning of 2009 did not usher in the usual feeling of optimism. As the world was preparing for the New Year my home turf, Israel, was in the midst of intense fighting which brought about yet another heartbreak in the personal and national mood. Seconds before midnight I was still trying to remain positive, but the moment the clock struck twelve the black cloud which burdened my soul was quickly released into the new year, creating a horrifying vision of the future.  I stared at the clock’s hands and imagined Big Ben in London joyfully announcing the New Year to the crowd of people dancing in the street. Light, salty tears made their winding way down my face, washing away the morning’s make-up. The tears collected at my mouth and heavily dropped to the floor like Big Ben’s “ding dong” chime. The news anchor seemed serious and reserved. “Happy New Year,” he announced in a mechanical voice. He then moved right along to the military commentators who gave a brief report on the operation in Gaza. The number of Palestinian casualties had already reached a thousand, but in most Israeli homes that colossal number did not evoke any feelings of compassion. Even if any such feelings tried to emerge from under the reassuring promises of homeland security and the great sensation of fear, they were quickly muted by every Qassam or Grad rocket landing in the area.

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The Temperature of the Middle East

Vered Cohen Barzilay 

The story goes that one of the first things that Václav Havel did after becoming President of Czechoslovakia was to summon all of the ‘agents’ that followed him during the years when he was a dissident. When they assembled in front of him they were afraid that he would use his power and authority for revenge. But Havel immediately calmed them and said that since they were the people that knew him the best and were very familiar with his habits he wished to nominate them to become his presidential guards. This small story represents one of the most admirable characteristic of Vaclav Havel and this is the example he gave to his people and is one of the reasons that explain Czechoslovakia and later on the Czech Republic became a democratic country.

For many years Havel was harassed and persecuted by the authorities for his views and human rights advocacy. He was jailed several times over an extended period and was not able to enjoy a free life or even to practice his art, as he desired to do since he was a child. But he never resented these people for it, as he never resented the agents that followed and kept him under surveillance. Havel understood that the people were afraid and that it was the system that was forcing them to ‘live in a lie’. He believed that the only way to fight a lie is to tell the truth. Havel, a gifted playwright, essayist and a poet used his talent to “fight” these dark forces with his pen. He never stopped being hopeful and tried for years using nonviolence creative ways to bring the truth to the people. It was through his famous essays “The power of the powerless”, the publication of the Charter 77 manifesto and his plays that he was able to convince the Czechoslovakian people they had the power and means to achieve the change that eventually lead to the Velvet Revolution.

At the time of writing this column (November 29th) a very historical event took place in the U.N. – Palestine recognized as a ‘non member observer state’. This symbolic, but very important event, happen exactly 65 years after the UN countries supported the U.N. partition plan for Palestine that eventually lead to the creation of the state of Israel.

Havel believed in the ‘two state solution’ and in an interview he gave during one of his visits to Israel he expressed a deep sorrow for not being able to host the Oslo talks In Prague. He believed that the history of Prague would have influenced the two leaders and helped to find the way for a permanent agreement.

In a lecture given by one of the most famous Israeli authors, Amoz Oz, he shared a story about his first very secret meeting with Vaclav Havel in 1986 in Czechoslovakia. Oz remembered a very “strange refreshing lecture” about “the temperature of regimes”. Havel claimed, said Oz, that in totalitarian regimes the temperature is very cold.  It’s not the temperature outside but the coldness between people that trickles down from the authorities, from the power, the bureaucracy to the people. It is cold even when it is very warm outside; it is cold in the houses, between people and even between lovers. This coldness influences people’s behavior and they become more suspicious toward one another, more guarded and cautious.  This  theory lead him to believe in human warmth as the tool to melt the coldness of a totalitarian regime. People, said Havel, crave for human warmth because it is one of the basic urges just like they crave for love or food.

Those that personally knew or met Havel all agree that he was not just preaching these values, he himself was a very loving and warm man but more important he used this theory in his political campaigns. Above everything Havel was human and a humanist. For this reason he was able to touch many people in his county and outside the world and make magic as the Velvet Revolution.

Havel set an example for leaders around the world especially in the countries with long and deep conflicts such as Israel and Palestine. Even if he is not with us, able to spread his human warmth or inspire people by his writing talent, wisdom or bravery, we owe it to him to try and follow his way.

Less than a month ago a military operation cut off the calmness of life in Israel and in Palestine. The people in both Israel and Gaza got a clear message from the leaders in both sides that life in this area will never be safe and there is no place for calmness and therefore no place for hope for peace. It was very cold here and it was not because of bad weather. Not only totalitarian regimes suffer from coldness but also countries in a long bloody conflict that ‘live in a lie’ and that don’t allow human warmth to enter inside of them.

Havel understood that a strong civil society is important not only to fight the darkness of a current regime but for the days after the ‘revolution’ and regime change. For that reason it is essential that civil society will continue to act to defend human rights in both countries. It is essential that writers and intellectuals In Israel, as well as in the new Palestinian state and around the world, will continue with their daily efforts to defend human rights until it becomes a meaningful and popular word and not an excuse for hatred. We must continue to try and approach the people with messages of peace and human rights until the temperature will get warmer, which allow the ‘better angels’ of humanity to emerge and create the ‘revolution’ that can lead to peace and equality.

(Published in the Czech Republic newspaper online web “Hospodárske noviny” in honor for the memory of the leader, author and Human Rights advocate,  Václav Havel).

Click here to read more essays about Havel in English and Czech  

Marina Nemat, Author’s Note /”Leila”

Marina Nemat, Author's Note /"Leila"

“Knowledge brings responsibility. If we know that atrocities are being committed, we have to do something to stop   them. However, in the news, we read about arbitrary imprisonments, torture, executions, and genocides, yet we continue with our daily routines and turn our backs on reality. Why?

In the early 40s, if the silent majority had stood on the railroad tracks of Europe, millions of human beings would not have been murdered. But how can we compel the silent majority to stand on the railroad tracks of history?

The answer is literature. It is literature that carries the human experience, reaches our hearts, and makes us feel the pain of those who have been treated unjustly. Without literature and narrative, we would lose our identity as human beings and will dissolve in the darkness of time and our repeated mistakes that lead us from one preventable devastation to the next.

Our only hope is to tell our stories and to hear the ones of others. Atrocities leave their victims in a state of shock, so silence seems like a remedy when, in reality, it allows injustice to go on and even grow.

Literature allows the victim to become a survivor and stand up to the past to ensure a better future.”

The Tremendous Power of Literature/Foreword from “Freedom”

Vered Cohen Barzilay 

A very famous Israeli poem, written by Shmuel Hasfari, called ‘The Children of Winter 1973’ describes the process by which the children who were conceived during the 1973 Yom Kippur War become disillusioned with the promises of the old generation of a peaceful future with no wars.

One line in the poem says: ‘You promised to do everything for us, to turn an enemy into a loved one’; it remained the echoing unfulfilled promise for the following generations. This poem became the pledge taken by one of Israel’s most loved prime ministers, Yitzhak Rabin, who was assassinated by an Israeli citizen fourteen years ago. Rabin, who maintained for most of his public life the image of a handsome, brave and much admired soldier, decided to abandon the path of hate and dedicated his later years to keeping the promise ‘to turn an enemy into a loved one’. He used Hasfari’s poem as a source of inspiration, and in times of great grief allowed its words to fill him with the patience, strength and hope necessary to shed off the heavy armour of a warrior and wear the uniform of peace.

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